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  • To serve Poland – to build Europe – to understand the world

     

  • POLISH CITIZENSHIP

  • Legal basis:
    Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Polish Citizenship Act of 2 April 2009 (Journal of Laws of 14 February 2012).

     

    Ways of acquiring Polish citizenship
    By birth to parents at least one of whom is a Polish national – right of blood/Ius Sanguinis
    A minor acquires Polish citizenship by birth to parents if at least one parent is a Polish citizen, irrespective of the place of birth (Poland or abroad, Art. 14 of the above Act).

     

    Children born to parents with different nationalities (Polish and foreign) become Polish citizens by birth, irrespective of their place of birth (Poland or abroad).

     

    Children born or found on the Polish territory – right of soil/Ius Soli
    Pursuant to the law, a child acquires Polish citizenship if he or she was born or found on the Polish territory, and the parents are unknown, have no citizenship or their citizenship is unspecified (Art 14 and 15 of the above Act).

     

    Recognizing foreigners as Polish citizens

    A foreigner who:

    • has continuously resided in the Polish territory for at least three years under a settlement permit, a residence permit  for a long-term EC resident or a permanent residence permit, and has a stable and regular source of income in the Republic of Poland as well as a legal title to the premises he or she occupies,
    • has continuously resided in the Polish territory for at least two years under a settlement permit, a residence permt  for a long-term EC resident or a permanent residence permit can be recognized as a Polish citizen.

    For a detailed catalogue of persons who can be recognized as Polish citizens, see Art. 30 of the above Act.

     

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